Common error in English: Usage of ADMINISTER

 administrate - ADMINISTER


Although it is very popular with administrators and others, many people scorn “administrate” as an unnecessary substitute for the more common verb form “administer.”

Common errors in English: Usage of addicting

 addicting - Do you find beer nuts addicting or addictive? “Addicting” is a perfectly legitimate word, but much less common than “addictive,” and some people will scowl at you if you use it.


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Common errors in English: Usage of added bonus - BONUS

 added bonus - BONUS


People who avoid redundancies tend to object to the extremely popular phrase “added bonus” because a bonus is already something additional. Speakers who use this phrase probably think of “bonus” as meaning something vaguely like “benefit.” The phrase is so common that it’s unlikely to cause you real problems.

More people frown on the similarly redundant “and plus”: “I was fired, and plus I never got my last paycheck.” Just say “and” or “plus.”


Common errors in English: Usage of adapt / adopt

 adapt / adopt - You can adopt a child or a custom or a law; in all of these cases you are making the object of the adoption your own, accepting it. If you adapt something, however, you are changing it.


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Common errors in English: Usage of AD NAUSEAM

AD NAUSEAM


Seeing how often ad nauseam is misspelled makes some people want to throw up. English writers also often mistakenly half-translate the phrase as ad nausea.

This Latin phrase comes from a term in logic, the argumentum ad nauseam, in which debaters wear out the opposition by just repeating arguments until they get sick of the whole thing and give in.

Meaning of See How The Land Lies

 See How The Land Lies-


Meaning-To find out about or come to understand a particular state of affairs or the way a situation exists or has developed, especially before taking any decisive or definitive action-


Example-Given the turbulent nature of this market, I think it would be prudent for us to see how the land lies before we agree to invest in your company.


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Meaning of Shop Till One Drops

 Shop Till One Drops-


Meaning-To spend an exorbitant or unrestrained amount of time shopping and buying things-


Example-With a huge range of sales and savings across the country, retailers are hoping that consumers will shop till they drop this weekend.


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Parts of Speech English Grammar

Parts of Speech Introduction 


Language is a vehicle of our thoughts. 


A vehicle in perfect condition delivers the goods properly.


Language in proper form expresses the thoughts in proper sense.


When we want to express what we think we deliver in the form of speech. 


Different words constitute to our speech. Such words, as per traditional grammar, are classified based on eight parts of speech.


They are,

1. Noun

2. Pronoun

3. Adjective

4. Verb

5. Adverb

6. Preposition

7. Conjunction 

8. Interjection    Each part of speech explains not what the word is but on the usage of the word.

For example, 


This book is written by Mahatma Gandhi


Here the word book is a Noun.


For convenient travel we book train tickets in advance.

    Here the word book is used as a verb.


Ram is a fast runner.


Ram runs fast.

  In the first sentence fast is an adjective.

  The same word is an adverb in the second sentence.


Now we have seen how a word's part of speech can change from one sentence to another sentence.

Next step is to know about the sentences.

    A group of words arranged in a proper order to give a proper meaning is called a sentence. Sentences fall under four kinds. 


A sentence that reveals a mere statement is an assertive sentence

Eg.: Now a days lot of people travel by two wheelers.


A sentence that asks a question is an Interrogative sentence. 

Eg.: what is your name?


A sentence which expresses a command is called an Imperative sentence. 

Eg.: Be careful!


A sentence that reveals some sort of a strong feeling is called an Exclamatory sentence. 

Eg.:What a lovely song!


Now let us know about the subject, predicate and object of a sentence. 


The Postman delivered a letter.

The sentence is formed to show the action of a person i.e., the Postman.

The Postman is known as the subject of the sentence.

What is the action of the Postman?

Delivery is the action. (ie) the predicate of the sentence.

By means of the action a letter is delivered. 

A letter is the object of the sentence. 


The Sun shines. 


The dog barks

In the above sentences there are no objects. 

It shows that there can be sentences without objects. 


Sit down.


Don't show.

In these sentences 'you' is understood. 'you' is the subject of these sentences. 


In short, 


There may be sentences with subject, predicate and object.


There may be sentences with subject and predicate only.


There may be sentences in which the subject is understood. 


Further classification of sentences will be dealt with in a separate chapter later.


 


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Common errors in English: ad / add - AD

 ad / add - AD


“Advertisement” is abbreviated “ad,” not “add.”

Common errors in English: Usage of actual fact / actually - ACTUALLY

 actual fact / actually - ACTUALLY


“In actual fact” is an unnecessarily complicated way of saying “actually.”


Common errors in English: Usage of actionable / doable - “Actionable”

 actionable / doable - “Actionable” is a technical term referring to something that provides grounds for a legal action or lawsuit. People in the business world have begun using it as a fancy synonym for “doable” or “feasible.” This is both pretentious and confusing


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Common errors in English: Usage of acronyms and apostrophes

 acronyms and apostrophes - One unusual modern use of the apostrophe is in plural acronyms, like “ICBM’s” “NGO’s” and “CD’s”. Since this pattern violates the rule that apostrophes are not used before an S indicating a plural, many people object to it. It is also perfectly legitimate to write “CDs,” etc. See also “50’s.” But the use of apostrophes with initialisms like “learn your ABC’s and “mind your P’s and Q’s” is now so universal as to be acceptable in almost any context.


Note that “acronym” was used originally only to label pronounceable abbreviations like “NATO,” but is now generally applied to all sorts of initialisms. Be aware that some people consider this extended definition of “acronym” to be an error.

Common errors in English: Usage of accurate / precise

 accurate / precise - In ordinary usage, “accurate” and “precise” are often used as rough synonyms, but scientists like to distinguish between them. Accurate measurements reflect true values; but precise measurements are close to each other, even if all of them are wrong in the same way. The same distinction applies in scientific contexts to the related words “accuracy” and “precision.”


This distinction is not likely to come up outside of contexts where it is understood, but science writers might want to be aware that the general public will not understand this distinction unless it’s explained.

Common errors in English: Usage of ACCIDENTALLY

 accidently - ACCIDENTALLY


You can remember this one by remembering how to spell “accidental.” There are quite a few words with -ally suffixes (like “incidentally”) which are not to be confused with words that have “-ly” suffixes (like “independently”). “Incidental” is a word, but “independental” is not.

Meaning of Jump On The Bandwagon

 Jump On The Bandwagon-


Meaning-To join a popular trend or activity-


Example-The success of the product led many firms to try and jump on the bandwagon.


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Meaning of Incumbent Upon Someone

 Incumbent Upon Someone


Meaning-Imposed or expected as an obligation, duty, or requirement on someone. 


Example-As the wealthier citizens of the country, it's my firm belief that it is incumbent upon us to contribute toward the welfare of those who are less fortunate.


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Meaning of Common As An Old Shoe

 Common As An Old Shoe-


Meaning-Lacking in manners or refinement-


Example-I can't believe he just put his elbows on the dinner table - why, he must be as common as an old shoe!


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Meaning of Draw The Line

 Draw The Line-


Meaning-To clearly separate or create boundaries for two things, to establish a figurative boundary that someone or some group refuses to cross or beyond which no further advance or compromise is accepted-


Example-If you're going to work closely with your wife, you really need to draw the line between your professional life and your personal life.


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Meaning of Bare Bones

 Bare Bones-


Meaning-The essential and most elementary parts of something; a general outline or summary; minimally furnished or adorned

Example-Please don't go through each line item in the budget - just give me the bare bones.


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Meaning of Shop Till One Drops

 Shop Till One Drops-


 Meaning-To spend an exorbitant or unrestrained amount of time shopping and buying things-


Example-With a huge range of sales and savings across the country, retailers are hoping that consumers will shop till they drop this weekend.


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Common errors in English: Usage of accessory - ACCESSORY

 accessory - ACCESSORY


There’s an “ack” sound at the beginning of this word, though some mispronounce it as if the two “C’s” were to be sounded the same as the two “SS’s.”

Common errors in English: Usage of Access - GET ACCESS TO

 access - GET ACCESS TO


“Access” is one of many nouns that’s been turned into a verb in recent years. Conservatives object to phrases like “you can access your account online.” Substitute “use,” “reach,” or “get access to” if you want to please them.


Reference

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